TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy 2018-04-20T17:55:38+02:00 Dr. Franziska Beutler Open Journal Systems <p>TYCHE is a scholarly journal based at the Department of Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy at the University of Vienna. This journal of high academic reputation has been published since 1986 and contains (double-blind) peer-reviewed articles in German, English, French, Italian and Latin. The scientific focus lies on the whole range of antiquity from the beginnings of Greek history to Late antiquity. Emphasis is placed on the edition and interpretation of epigraphic and papyrological sources. The journal further includes papyrological (<em>Korr. Tyche</em>) and epigraphic (<em>Adnotationes epigraphicae</em>) miscellanea, a critical bibliography of Austrian epigraphy (<em>Annona Epigraphica Austriaca</em>) as well as a review section. In addition to the regular annual volumes TYCHE also issues monographic&nbsp;<em>Supplement</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>Special Volumes</em>.</p> Two Greek Inscriptions from Karanis 2018-04-20T17:55:35+02:00 Lincoln H. Blumell Chiara Aliberti <p>This article presents editions of two previously unpublished Greek inscriptions&nbsp;found at Karanis and currently stored at the Kom Aushim Magazine. One inscription is a Christian funerary stele and the other is a dedicatory inscription from the early Roman period.</p> <p><u>Keywords</u></p> <p>Karanis; Epigraphy; Greek; Christianity; Cemetery; Dedicatory Inscription</p> 2018-04-13T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) A Magical Amulet from Durostorum (Moesia Inferior) 2018-04-20T17:55:35+02:00 Dan Deac Radu Petcu <p>The paper analyzes a magical amulet discovered in 2007 by Radu Petcu in the civilian Roman settlement of Ostrov-<em>Durostorum</em>, province of <em>Moesia Inferior</em>. The intaglio, made of lapis lazuli, is a ring stone and depicts the so-called ̔Pantheos̕ or ̔Polymorphic Deity̕ . Following a description of the iconography, a history of research on the interpretation of this deity is presented. An interpretation of the Greek texts on the obverse and reverse of the intaglio is then offered, assisted by a review of comparanda. Finally, the conclusions are made, envisaging the apotropaic role of the amulet and the importance of the new <em>vox magica. </em></p> <p><u>Keywords</u><u>: </u></p> <p>Magical Amulet; <em>Durostorum</em>; Pantheos; Polymorphic deity; <em>vox magica</em>.</p> 2018-04-20T15:56:20+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy A New Inscription Attesting to Associations from the Necropolis of Rhodes. With an Appendix by Nicos Christodoulides 2018-04-20T17:55:35+02:00 Vincent Gabrielsen <p>The present paper presents and comments on the text of an inscription from the eastern necropolis of Rhodes. In addition to attesting to five hitherto unknown private associations (<em>koina</em>), the inscription makes known three new toponyms, one of which might belong to an administrative unit known as <em>ktoina</em>. Moreover, it is argued that the new text probably provides evidence for the celebration on Rhodes of the festival <em>Dalia</em>.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><u>Keywords</u></p> <p>Greek epigraphy; Hellenistic Rhodes; private associations; Rhodian toponyms; festivals; fereigners; networks</p> 2018-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy Der Beginn der attischen Panathenaïdenära 2018-04-20T17:55:35+02:00 Klaus Hallof <p>The inscription IG II/III³ 4, 1397 found in the agora of Athens is a dedication to Septimius Severus, Caracalla, Geta and Iulia Domna. It is to be dated to the 23<sup>rd</sup> Panathenais = 207/208 which proofs that the Attic Panathenaids start with the year 120 AD.</p> <p>&nbsp;Die Inschrift IG II/III³ 4, 1397 von der Agora in Athen, eine Weihung an Septimius Severus, Caracalla, Geta und Iulia Domna, ist in die 23.&nbsp; Panathenais = 207/208 zu datieren. Damit ist bewiesen, dass die Attische Panathenaidenzählung mit dem Jahr 120 n.Chr. begann.</p> <p><u>Keywords</u></p> <p>Greek epigraphy; Athens; Agora; Septimius Severus; Caracalla; Geta; Iulia Domna; Panathenais</p> <p>Griechische Epigraphik; Athen; Agora; Septimius Severus; Caracalla; Geta; Iulia Domna; Panathenais</p> 2018-04-20T15:08:27+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy Three Latin Business Documents from the Papyrus¬sammlung of the Austrian National Library at Vienna (ChLA XLIV 1296; 1310; 1303 + XLV 1348) 2018-04-20T17:55:35+02:00 Giulio Iovine <p>The paper offers an <em>editio princeps</em> for three unpublished Latin documentary papyrus, <em>ChLA </em>XLIV 1296; 1310; 1303 + XLV 1348 (= <em>P.Vindob</em>. inv. L 70; 86; 77+145). These are business documents; the first two probably <em>chirographa</em>, or acknowledgments of debt; the last one either a <em>chirographum</em> or the record of a purchase (<em>emptio</em>).</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><u>Keywords</u></p> <p>Latin; papyrus; <em>Chartae Latinae Antiquiores</em>; <em>chirographum</em>; ancient Roman cursive</p> 2018-04-20T15:11:11+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy A Latin Private Document on Papyrus (ChLA XLIV 1300 recto) 2018-04-20T17:55:35+02:00 Giulio Iovine <p>The paper offers an <em>editio princeps</em> for an unpublished Latin documentary papyrus, <em>ChLA</em> XLIV 1300 <em>recto</em> (= <em>P.Vindob</em>. inv. L 74 <em>recto</em>). The typology of the document is uncertain, and three hypotheses on its nature – a contract of deposit, dotal settlments, legatees in a Roman testament – are proposed.</p> <p><u>Keywords</u></p> <p>Latin; papyrus; <em>Chartae Latinae Antiquiores</em>; <em>Parentalia</em>; ancient Roman cursive</p> 2018-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy Ein griechischer Lieferungskauf über Schilfrohr aus dem spätantiken Hermopolites 2018-04-20T17:55:35+02:00 Aikaterini Koroli <p>The article offers the first edition of a Greek papyrus belonging to the Austrian National Library, which preserves the biggest part of a sale on delivery for reeds. This document offers valuable information concerning not only reeds as products involved in such a transaction, but also the production and use of reeds in general. Therefore, it&nbsp;supplements our knowledge provided by the few already published sales on delivery which come from the Hermopolite nome which also&nbsp;date to the early seventh century.</p> <p><u>Keywords</u></p> <p>edition; Greek; papyrus; sale on delivery; Byzantine period; Hermopolite nome.</p> 2018-04-20T15:14:42+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy Der Notar Elias im Herakleopolites 2018-04-20T17:55:36+02:00 Sophie Kovarik <p>P.Vindob. G 25640 ist eine herakleopolitanische Gestellungsbürgschaft aus dem 6. Jh., die aus zweierlei Gründen von besonderer Bedeutung ist. Einerseits aufgrund der hohen Strafsumme und der Tatsache, dass wir bisher kaum Gestellungsbürgschaften aus dieser Zeit aus dem Herakleopolites kennen und andererseits wegen der ungewöhnlichen Unterschrift des Notars Elias.</p> <p>P.Vindob. G 25640, edited in the present paper, is a deed of surety from 6th-century Heracleopolis. Only a few sureties are known from this time and place. The deed in question is of particular interest because of the high penalty in case of breach of contract on the one hand and the peculiarity of the notary’</p> <p><u>Keywords</u></p> <p>Heracleopolite surety; 6th-century; notary Elias; Latinate signature</p> <p>Bürgschaft; Herakleopolites; 6. Jh.; Notar Elias; lateinische Unterschrift</p> 2018-04-20T15:16:13+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy Eine griechische Gestellungsbürgschaft aus dem spätantiken Herakleopolis 2018-04-20T17:55:36+02:00 Csaba La'da Amphilochios Papathomas <p>This article presents the edition of a hitherto unpublished declaration of surety in Greek from 6<sup>th</sup> century Middle Egypt kept in the Papyrus Collection of the Austrian National Library. In this fragmentary document surety is provided for a gardener (?) called Neilammon son of Timotheos. Of particular interest in the papyrus is an attestation of a notary called Elias unknown to date, who also appears in two other Vienna papyri published in this volume for the first time.</p> <p>&nbsp;<u>Keywords</u></p> <p>Greek deed of surety, late antiquity, Herakleopolis (?), notary Elias</p> 2018-04-20T14:59:44+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy Sprechende Steine, Gesang und ,professionelles‘ Wissen: Kulturhistorische Überlegungen zur Grabsäule des Seikilos (I. Tralleis 219) 2018-04-20T17:55:36+02:00 Ludwig Meier <p>The epitaph of Seikilos from Tralleis has attracted remarkable scholarly interest, as it provides the only complete example of an ancient Greek musical composition that includes musical notation. However, while highlighting the singularity of the epitaph, scholars have neglected to relate it to its context: thousands of funeral inscriptions from Asia Minor. Comparing musical notation inscribed on stone to similarly documented phenomena such as mathematical proofs or philosophical essays&nbsp; allows a redefinition of the epitaph’s role in its broader cultural context.</p> <p><u>Keywords</u></p> <p>Greek epigraphy; Greek music; Greek mathematics; epitaph; funeral culture; Seikilos; Tralleis</p> 2018-04-20T15:18:21+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy Per o contro il nemico? Le razioni di un carpentiere e la cronologia dell’invasione araba secondo P.Vindob. G 39718 = PERF 550 2018-04-20T17:55:36+02:00 Federico Morelli <p>This document is a demand note for providing a shipwright and his rations sent by Appa Kyros to the inhabitants of the village of Poinami in the Heracleopolite nome. According to Karabacek, it belongs to the archive of the Heracleopolitan pagarchs Appa Kyros and sons, Christophoros and Theodorakios, from the early years after the Arab conquest of Egypt. This attribution implies for our papyrus a date to the year 638: one year earlier than the regularly accepted date for the beginning of the conquest and thus, according to Karabacek, still falling into the Byzantine period. However, the composition of the rations shows that the carpenter of our text must have worked in the service of the Arab administration. By discussing the chronology of the documents of the said archive, I try to answer the question of whether we have to anticipate the date of the conquest, or whether the papyrus has to be dated to a later period.</p> <p>Il documento è una richiesta per l’invio di un carpentiere con le sue razioni, inviata da Appa Kyros agli abitanti del villaggio di Poinami, in Eracleopolite. Secondo Karabacek, esso appartiene all’archivio dei pagarchi Appa Kyros e figli, Christophoros e Theodorakios, dei primi anni dopo la conquista araba d’Egitto. Questa attribuzione implica per il nostro papiro una data al 638: un anno prima della data accettata tradizionalmente per l’inizio della conquista e dunque, secondo Karabacek, ancora nel periodo bizantino. Tuttavia la composizione delle razioni mostra che il carpentiere del nostro testo deve aver lavorato al servizio dell’amministrazione araba. Attraverso la discussione della cronologia dei documenti dell’archivio, cerco di rispondere alla questione se si debba anticipare la data della conquista, o se il papiro sia da datare a un periodo più tardo.</p> <p><u>Keywords</u></p> <p>Archive of the pagarchs Appa Kyros; Christophoros and Theodorakios; Arab conquest; chronology; shipwright; <em>karaboi</em>; rations; measures</p> <p>Archivio dei pagarchi Appa Kyros; Christophoros e Theodorakios; conquista araba; cronologia; mastro d’ascia; <em>karaboi</em>; razioni; misure</p> 2018-04-20T15:19:08+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy I vestiti nuovi del dandy Apollonios. Tessuti di lusso in P.Giss. I 21 2018-04-20T17:55:36+02:00 Federico Morelli <p>P. Giss. I 21 è una lettera di Eudaimonis al figlio Apollonios, il noto strategos dell’Apollonopolites Heptakomias. Tra gli altri argomenti, essa tratta di due indumenti, un Lakonion e un Attalianon, la cui natura è lasciata irrisolta nelle varie edizioni e traduzioni del papiro. Autori latini, e anche greci, permettono però di intendere il primo come un indumento colorato con porpora della Laconia, il secondo come un indumento intessuto o ricamato con fili d’oro. La menzione di tali indumenti in un documento dell’archivio di Apollonios non è una difficoltà, poiché già altre lettere dell’archivio testimoniano il suo gusto per tessuti di lusso.</p> <p>P. Giss. I 21 is a letter from Eudaimonis to her son Apollonios, the well-known strategos of the Apollonopolite-Heptacomia nome. Among other topics, the letter deals with two garments, a Lakonion and an Attalianon, whose nature was left unresolved in the various editions and translations of the text. However, Latin authors allow us to understand the first one as a garment dyed with purple of Laconia (according to Pliny the best available in Europe), and the second as a garment woven or embroidered with gold threads. The mention of such garments in a document of the Apollonios archive is not a difficulty, as other letters of this archive already testify to his fondness for luxury fabrics.</p> <p>Keywords<br>P. Giss. I 21; Archivio di Apollonios; tessuti; porpora di Laconia; Attalicae vestes</p> <p>P. Giss. I 21; Apollonios archive; textiles; Laconian purple; Attalicae vestes</p> 2018-04-20T15:20:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy A Honorific Inscription from Amphipolis for the Sappaean King Sextus Iulius Cotys 2018-04-20T17:55:36+02:00 Pantelis Nigdelis <p>First publication and commentary on an inscription by which young men of Amphipolis (neoi) honored Serxtus Iulius Cotys who assumed the office of high priest and agonothetes of the imperial cult in the city. The honoree belongs to the Sappaean dynasty and is identical with Cotys IX (PIR2 C 1555) who ruled Lesser Armenia. The inscription is dated between September of AD 38 and May of AD 39, i.e. before Cotys ascended his throne. On this occasion all inscriptions related to the other members’ of the Sappaean dynasty presence in Amphipolis are being reexamined and discussed.</p> <p>Keywords<br>Amphipolis; gymnasium; Sextus Iulius Cotys; Sappaean dynasty; imperial cult; Lesser Armenia; Thrace</p> 2018-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy Zur Lesung von Kap. 27 der lex Troesmensium 2018-04-20T17:55:36+02:00 Johannes Platschek <p>In 2016, Werner Eck published two bronze tablets showing fragments of the lex municipalis of Troesmis in Moesia inferior from the times of Marcus Aurelius' and Commodus' joint reign (177–180 AD). The text on tablet B starts within regulations on the minimum asset of election candidates. According to the editio princeps, the lex then raises the minimum age of candidates for priesthoods. The following reference to Augustan legislation is said to concern the calculation of the candidates' individual "legal age". A critical revision of the inscription's text leads to certain modifications.</p> <p>Keywords<br>leges municipales; Roman elections; decuriones; lex Iulia de maritandis ordinibus; lex Papia Poppea</p> 2018-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy The Death of Decimus Brutus. The Strange Case of his Artillery and the Iapodes 2018-04-20T17:55:37+02:00 Marjeta Sasel Kos <p>After Caesar’s murder, Decimus Brutus went to govern Cisalpine Gaul, which Antony legally exchanged for Macedonia. Decimus Brutus’ career is briefly discussed, as are the events, which postdated his refusal to surrender his province. The alliances at Mutina were unusual: the consuls Aulus Hirtius and Gaius Vibius Pansa, as well as Octavian, fought on the side of Decimus Brutus against Antony. The aftermath of Mutina and particularly the flight of Decimus Brutus are analysed in detail, as well as his death among the Sequani, whose dynast was Camilus. Appian’s (possible) sources and his reliability are discussed, particularly his use of the <em>Memoirs</em> of Augustus. Light is shed on the problem of how the artillery machines of Decimus Brutus’ army could have ended up at Metulum, the capital of the Iapodes.</p> <p><u>Keywords</u></p> <p>Appian; Decimus Brutus; Sequani; Iapodes; artillery machines</p> 2018-04-20T15:22:18+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy Inscriptiones Dresdenses Latinae. Inschriften aus dem Albertinum 2018-04-20T17:55:37+02:00 Manfred G. Schmidt <p>A selection of Latin inscriptions from the Albertinum in Dresden, mainly of Roman origin, which either remained unpublished or whose reading or interpretation could be improved.</p> <p>Keywords<br>Roman sepulchral inscriptions; Carmen epigraphicum; forgery; Cardinale Cesare Taggiasco; Dresden, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen</p> 2018-04-20T15:23:18+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy Hocharchaische Opfervorschrift für das Kronos-Fest in Olympia (BrU 7) 2018-04-20T17:55:37+02:00 Peter Siewert <p>Auf dem Bruchstück eines Bronzekessels steht eine Bustrophedon-Inschrift im elischen Dialekt aus der Mitte des 6. Jh. v. Chr. Genannt ist eine Regelung („wratra“ = Rhetra) des Kronos-Festes („Kronika“), dass ein Kultbeamter (der „Theokolos“) in den fünf Tagen des Festes das Opfer auszuführen hat, außer wenn die „Olympiade“ stattfindet. Kronos hatte in Olympia einen Altar in der Altis und einen auf der Spitze des nach ihm genannten Kronos-Hügels. <br>Vermutlich gab es in archaischer Zeit ein jährliches fünftägiges Fest für Kronos, das alle vier Jahre im Zusammenhang mit dem ebenfalls fünftägigen Fest der Olympien für Zeus, den Sohn des Kronos, stattfand.</p> <p>The fragment of a bronze cauldron shows a bustrophedon inscription in Elean dialect to be dated to the middle of the 6. cent. B.C. Its text is a regulation („wratra“ = rhetra) of the festival of Kronos („Kronika“): a cult official (the „theokolos“) has to sacrifice in the five days of the festival, except in time of the „Olympiad“. At Olympia Kronos had an altar in the Altis, another one at the top of the hill of Kronos, named after this cult place. In archaic times there was presumably an annual five-day festival for Kronos, which every four years was celebrated together with the five-day Olympic festival for Kronos’s son Zeus.</p> <p>Keywords<br>Olympia; Bronze-Inschrift; lex sacra; Rhetra; Kronos; Archaik; Olympische Spiele</p> <p>Olympia; bronze inscription; lex sacra; rhetra; Kronos; Cronus; archaic time; Olympic Games</p> 2018-04-20T15:24:40+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy The συναρχίαι in the Achaian federation and its member cities 2018-04-20T17:55:37+02:00 Sergey K. Sizov <p>The term συναρχίαι (“joint magistracies”), designating the joint meetings of different boards of magistrates, appears in the decrees of the Peloponnesian cities in the 3rd and the 2nd centuries BCE, obviously under the influence of the Achaian federation. The institution itself seems to have been originated in Achaia, but the συναρχίαι in the cities should not be regarded as exact copies of the corresponding federal body, since the local and the federal “joint magistracies” carried out different functions.</p> <p>Keywords<br>The Peloponnese; Achaia; koinon; polis; joint magistracies; Greek epigraphy</p> 2018-04-20T15:25:45+02:00 Copyright (c) Percussores: a study in Sullan violence 2018-04-20T17:55:37+02:00 Alexander Thein <p>This article examines Hinard’s claim that percussores was an official technical term for the bounty hunters of the Sullan proscriptions. It is an important definition because it is a core premise in his argument that the publication of the first proscription lists was not preceded by an uncontrolled wave of violence in the city of Rome. This article rejects Hinard’s denial of the well-attested wave of violence and argues that percussores is a generic term for ‘killers’ or ‘men of violence’.</p> <p>Keywords<br>Sulla; proscriptions; bounty hunting; percussores; sicarii</p> 2018-04-20T15:26:35+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy Bemerkungen zu Papyri XXVIII (<Korr. Tyche> 832–854) 2018-04-20T17:55:37+02:00 Lajos Berkes et.alii <p>Bemerkungen zu Papyri XXVIII (&lt;Korr. Tyche&gt; 832–854)</p> <p>Verfasser: Lajos Berkes, Ana Isabel Blasco Torres, Willy Clarysse, Susan Fogarty, Nikolaos Gonis, Csaba A. La'da, Federica Micucci</p> 2018-04-20T15:27:19+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy Adnotationes Epigraphicae VIII 2018-04-20T17:55:37+02:00 Thomas Corsten Adam Lajtar Philipp Pilhofer <p>Adnotationes Epigraphicae VIII</p> 2018-04-20T15:59:44+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy Buchbesprechungen 2018-04-20T17:55:38+02:00 Michel Debidour et.alii <p>Verfasser: Michel Debidour, Fuad Alidoust, Philip Egetenmeier, Chiara Cenati, Camilla Campedelli, Rocco Selvaggi, Georgy Kantor, Agnes von der Decken, Timo Klär, Tobias Nowitzki, Hartwin Brandt, Herbert Heftner, Gregor Weber, Charalampos I. Chrysafis, Gerhard Thür, Ekkehard Weber, Guido M. Berndt, Franziska Weise, Stefan Seitschek,</p> 2018-04-20T15:28:46+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy Indices 2018-04-20T17:55:38+02:00 Franziska Beutler Christoph Samitz <p>Indices</p> <p>Verfasser: Franziska Beutler, Christoph Samitz</p> 2018-04-20T15:29:34+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy Eingelangte Bücher 2018-04-20T17:55:38+02:00 TYCHE Editorial Office <p>Eingelangte Bücher</p> 2018-04-20T16:52:14+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy TYCHE 32 (2017) 2018-04-20T17:55:38+02:00 TYCHE editorial board <p>TYCHE 32 (2017)</p> 2018-04-20T17:17:29+02:00 Copyright (c) 2018 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy