https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/issue/feed TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy 2017-10-24T12:44:49+02:00 Dr. Franziska Beutler franziska.beutler@univie.ac.at Open Journal Systems <p>TYCHE is a scholarly journal based at the Department of Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy at the University of Vienna. This journal of high academic reputation has been published since 1986 and contains (double-blind) peer-reviewed articles in German, English, French, Italian and Latin. The scientific focus lies on the whole range of antiquity from the beginnings of Greek history to Late antiquity. Emphasis is placed on the edition and interpretation of epigraphic and papyrological sources. The journal further includes papyrological (<em>Korr. Tyche</em>) and epigraphic (<em>Adnotationes epigraphicae</em>) miscellanea, a critical bibliography of Austrian epigraphy (<em>Annona Epigraphica Austriaca</em>) as well as a review section. In addition to the regular annual volumes TYCHE also issues monographic&nbsp;<em>Supplement</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>Special Volumes</em>.</p> https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/672 A rediscovered arkhisynagogos inscription from Thessaloniki, and an intriguing Iulia Prokla 2017-10-24T09:47:11+02:00 Norman G. Ashton robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Gregory H. R. Horsley robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at <p>In 1993, three incomplete ancient Greek inscriptions came to light in Perth, Western Australia. All were subsequently repatriated to Greece. One from the Roman Imperial period was unpublished, and remained so until very recently. It mentions a citizen of Thessaloniki who is <em>arkhisynagogos</em> of a private association which memorialises a fellow-member. The mention of a certain Iulia Prokla suggests that she may be known from another inscription from that city, and possibly also from one in Rome.</p><p>(496 characters including spaces; 420 characters, not including spaces)</p> 2017-03-27T07:10:15+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/673 Lochos and Ariston 2017-10-24T09:54:57+02:00 John Bauschatz robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at <p>Nine documents from the Duke Papyrus Archive reveal much about the careers of two high-ranking officials and their activities in the Herakleopolite nome during the late second century B.C.: Ariston, ton proton philon, strategos, nomarches and epi ton prosodon, and Lochos, ton proton philon and possibly the well-known strategos of the Thebaid.</p> 2017-03-27T07:10:23+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/674 A Dedication in 173 CE at Roman Ostia, carried out on the Emperor Antoninus Pius’ dies natalis 2017-10-24T10:02:12+02:00 Christer Bruun robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at <p>The date of a statue dedication in Rome’s harbour Ostia carried out by North African shipowners in honour of a member of the local elite has until now been misunderstood. A new examination of the inscription, still standing in the so-called Piazzale delle Corporazioni, shows that the statue most likely was inaugurated on 19 September, the birthday of the emperor Antoninus Pius. The choice of day is a sign of imperial loyalty and agrees with a typical Ostian pattern for scheduling important events.</p> 2017-03-27T07:10:23+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/675 Titulus. Un contributo alla storia della parola nel mondo romano 2017-10-24T12:05:42+02:00 Emanuele Castelli robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at <p>This paper is a contribution to the study of history of the word <em>titulus</em>. After a survey of current scholarship on this topic and a delimitation of the chronological scope and content of the investigation, the author considers some epigraphic and literary occurrences of this Latin term and identifies its different meanings and nuances until the sixth century. </p> 2017-03-27T07:10:24+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/676 Ἐγώ εἰμι ῾Ερμῆς. Eine dramaturgische Facette der antiken Zaubersprache 2017-10-24T12:19:37+02:00 Sara Chiarini robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at <p>The formulary of ancient magic features an expression, which is object of analysis in the present paper. It consists of the predicate ἐγώ εἰμι followed by the name of one or more gods or daemons. By this, the person reciting the magical spell identified him- or herself with a supernatural entity. A detailed overview of its stylistic and semantic features reveals how the formula is to be counted among those rhetorical devices of the magic act that enhanced its dramatic force. Rather than believing to be actually possessed by some divinity, the speaker-actor of the formula played the role of that divinity, thereby staging the magic ritual as a dialogic performance.</p> 2017-03-27T07:10:24+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/677 La campagna estiva del 357 in Germania I, la spedizione del magister peditum praesentalis Barbatio contro gli Alamanni Iuthungi in Raetia II e le manipolazioni narrative di Ammiano Marcellino 2017-10-16T18:15:54+02:00 Maurizio Colombo robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at <p class="Default">The summer of 357 was a problematic time of overlapping troubles for the Roman Empire in the West. Ammianus Marcellinus is our best or unique source about these events. His account, as usual, shows many signs of strong bias in favour of Julian. But past scholarship has missed other points that enable us to tell a very different tale on this year of warfare. The strategic planning of Constantius II and the tactical leadership of Barbatio were not at all so bad as Ammianus brilliantly enjoins us to believe.</p> 2017-03-27T07:10:24+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/678 Quatre diplômes militaires fragmentaires 2017-10-17T20:27:24+02:00 Dan Dana robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Florian Matei-Popescu robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at <p>The epigraphic record pertaining to the auxiliary fort from Buciumi is quite scarce. This is especially true for onomastic evidence, indeed virtually none of the members of the local garrison is known to us by name. The graffito discussed in the paper, although incomplete, reveals the names of two individuals: a centurion and a common soldier. While the name of the centurion (<em>Genialis</em>) is quite usual, the <em>miles</em> displays an extremely rare name of uncertain origin (<em>Zanax</em>). The object of the paper is twofold. On one hand it discusses the phenomenon of military graffiti, especially ownership inscriptions, on the other hand it analyses various possibilities regarding the origin of the enigmatic name borne by the soldier in question.</p> 2017-03-27T07:10:25+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/679 Marcia, Commodus’ ‘Christian’ Concubine and CIL X 5918 2017-10-24T12:44:49+02:00 Michael Flexsenhar robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at <p>Since 1883, the Roman emperor Commodus’ (180-192 CE) famed concubine Marcia has been identified as Marcia Aurelia Ceionia Demetrias, a woman honored on a statue base in ancient Anagnia, Italy (CIL<em> </em>X 5918). This article reexamines the inscription in light of other epigraphic evidence and corrects a longstanding mistake in historical reconstructions of the late-Antonine dynasty. It shows that the woman known as Marcia the powerful courtier and ostensible Christian-sympathizer was not the same as the woman honored on the inscription. They were two different women entirely, as the inscription’s nomenclature, status indication, and date indicate. The Marcia Aurelia Ceionia Demetrias honored on the inscription was a local elite likely married to the imperial freedman who was also honored with her as a civic benefactor in ancient Anagnia (CIL<em> </em>X 5917).</p> 2017-03-27T07:10:25+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/680 Vadimonium Nertae. Zum römischen Privatrecht in den gallischen Provinzen 2017-10-17T20:30:45+02:00 Regula Frei-Stolba robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Benjamin Hartmann robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Cédric Roms robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at <p>Publikation einer neu gefundenen, hölzernen Wachstafel (<em>tabula cerata</em>) aus <em>Augustobona Tricassium</em> (Troyes, F). Die Schreibtafel ist Überrest einer Vadimonium-Urkunde, ausgestellt in der zweiten Hälfte des 1. Jh. n. Chr. für eine Einwohnerin mit dem keltischen Namen Nerta. Das Dokument wirft Licht auf die Frage nach der Verbreitung und Anwendung des römischen Privatrechts in den gallischen Provinzen.</p><p>Publication of a recently discovered, wooden wax tablet (<em>tabula cerata</em>) from <em>Augustobona Tricassium</em> (Troyes, F). The writing tablet was part of a vadimonium deed, which was issued to an inhabitant with the Celtic name Nerta in the second half of the 1. century AD. The document sheds light on the question of the diffusion and usage of Roman civil law in the Gallic provinces.</p> 2017-03-27T07:10:25+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/681 Un frammento di “glossario virgiliano” in P.Vindob. L 102 f (Verg. Aen. I 707–708, 714–715, con traduzione greca) 2017-10-17T20:19:00+02:00 Marco Fressura robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at <p>First edition of a papyrus fragment now identified as part of a glossary to Vergil’s Aeneid, which contains some words of the poem together with a Greek translation. The papyrus has been so far erroneously included in a group of fragments belonging to a Greek commentary on Roman Law.</p><p>Prima edizione di un frammento papiraceo ora identificato quale parte di un glossario all’Eneide di Virgilio, che contiene alcune parole del poema affiancate da una traduzione greca. Il papiro era stato finora erroneamente incluso in un gruppo di frammenti riferibili a un trattato di diritto romano in lingua greca.</p> 2017-03-27T07:10:25+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/682 Prayers and petitions for justice. Despair and the ‘crossing of boundaries’ between religion and law 2017-10-18T08:15:32+02:00 Chrysi Kotsifou robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at <p>Both Demotic, Greek and Coptic prayers for justice on papyrus and contemporary petitions to civil authorities demonstrate that people displayed and used despair in their narrative and persuasion strategies in order to achieve justice. These overlaps and the expression of despair demonstrate the similarities between the two genres and the similarities in the social and cultural circumstances that produced these texts. They also pinpoint the interdependence of religion and law on a daily basis and for a variety of people.</p> 2017-03-27T07:10:26+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/683 A Receipt for Tax Arrears from Hermopolis 2017-10-18T09:34:14+02:00 Peter van Minnen robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at <p>Edition of P.Mich. inv. 1055, a tax receipt from Hermopolis from the early Arab period with a seal on the back. The receipt is for two <em>solidi </em>for the sixth and seventh indictions, paid in the tenth indiction and received via the well-known Menas, "the soldier.”</p> 2017-03-27T07:10:26+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/684 Zwei Kassen in der römischen Armee und die Rolle der signiferi. Ein neues Papyruszeugnis: P.Hamb. inv. 445 2017-10-18T10:35:55+02:00 Fritz Mitthof robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Konrad Stauner robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at <p>Der Beitrag bietet die Erstedition eines Hamburger Papyrus aus dem römischen Ägypten. Es handelt sich um den Privatbrief eines signifer an einen unbekannten Adressaten. Der signifer berichtet, dass der praefectus Aegypti eine Prüfung der Kassenführung der signiferi angeoordnet hat. <br /> Die herausragende Bedeutung des Textes liegt darin, dass durch ihn erstmals in aller Klarheit zwei Sachverhalte dokumentiert werden, über die sich bisher nur mutmaßen ließ, dass nämlich zum einen in der Finanzverwaltung der römischen Armee zwei unterschiedlich gespeiste „Kassen“ existierten, nämlich das kaiserliche Konto (λόγος Καίσαρος = ratio Caesaris) und die deposita, und dass zum anderen die σημεαφόροι (signiferi) auf beide Kassen Zugriff hatten.</p><p> </p><p>The article presents the first edition of a Hamburg papyrus from Roman Egypt. It is a private letter of a <em>signifer</em> to an unknown recipient. The <em>signifer</em> reports that the <em>praefectus Aegypti</em> has ordered an audit of the <em>signiferi</em>’s cash management. The preeminent significance of the text lies in the fact that for the first time, two issues are now clearly documented which have so far only been surmised. First, the financial administration of the Roman army consisted of two separate "cash registers", namely the imperial account (λόγος Καίσαρος = <em>ratio Caesaris</em>) and the <em>deposita</em>. Second, the σημεαφόροι (<em>signiferi</em>) had access to both accounts.</p> 2017-03-27T07:10:26+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/685 New Inscriptions from Karadeniz Ereğli Museum III (Herakleia Pontike and Tieion/Tios) 2017-10-18T17:19:18+02:00 Bülent Öztürk robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at <p>In 2007, a project commenced to catalogue and to publish the Greek and Latin inscriptions in the Karadeniz Ereğli Museum. The recorded inscriptions are all from Zonguldak province (Eastern Bithynia), which is where the ancient cities of Herakleia Pontike and Tieion/Tios are located. So far, twenty-two new inscriptions held by the Museum have been published in previous papers. In the present paper, one honorary and four new grave inscriptions of the Roman imperial period - found in the districts of Alaplı, Devrek, Gökçebey, and Ereğli, all in Zonguldak province - are presented. Their importance lies in the new information they provide on the social history and prosopography of Herakleia Pontike and Tios/Tieion as well as the ethnicity and the status of individuals in Roman Bithynia. These English translations of those new inscriptions are 1.The uncle Marcus Aemilius? Thalassios, the younger, (honoured) Gnaeus Aemilius Pontikos/Pontianos, son of Gnaeus?. 2.Clodius?, son of …..-siphilos, (died) at the age of 75. Dionysia, daughter of Dionysios?, wife of Clodius, (died) at the age of ?. Farewell! 3. Diomedes, son of Chrysion, (died) at the age of 70. Farewell! Kotta, daughter of Paterion, wife of Diomedes, (died) at the age of 60. Farewell! 4. Dionysios, son of Ninos (died) at the age of ?; Kleopatra, daughter/wife of Dionysios, (died) at the age of ? Farewell! 5. Marcus? Aurelius Opikos, son of Chrysogonos, (grandson of Chrysogonos)?, who was loved by all, excellent, lived examplarily ? years. Farewell! Aurelia Panmoiris, daughter of Chrysogonos, wife of [- - -], lived examplarily ? years. Farewell!</p> 2017-03-27T07:10:27+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/686 Die Enttäuschung des belesenen Severus. Eine Anspielung auf Herodot I 44, 2 im Brief P.Oslo II 50 2017-10-18T17:34:25+02:00 Amphilochios Papathomas robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at <p>In ancient and medieval Greek texts it occurs frequently that well-read authors allude to literary passages without mentioning their sources, thus inviting the reader to discover the underlying intertextuality. The paper deals with such a case in the private letter P.Oslo II 50 (1st - 2nd cent. A.D.), where the author, a certain Severus, alludes to Herodotus I 44, 2, so that he may express his disappointment at the recipient.</p><p>In den griechischen Texten der Antike und des Mittelalters kommt es des Öfteren vor, daß belesene Autoren auf literarische Stellen anspielen, ohne sie ausdrücklich zu nennen, und damit ihre Leser einladen, die Intertextualität zu erfassen. Der Aufsatz befasst sich mit einem solchen Fall im Privatbrief P.Oslo II 50 (1./2. Jh. n. Chr.), wo der Verfasser, ein gewisser Severus, auf Herodot I 44, 2 anspielt, um seine Enttäuschung über den Adressaten zum Ausdruck zu bringen.</p> 2017-03-27T07:10:27+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/687 The Rescript of Philip III Arrhidaios and the Two Tyrannies at Eresos 2017-10-18T19:55:41+02:00 Shane Wallace robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at <p>In this article I place the rescript of Philip III Arrhidaios (319/8 BC) in its historical context and offer a new interpretation of its contents. In doing so, I argue three points. First, the rescript's reference to an earlier decision of Alexander the Great elucidates the confusing and frequently debated sequence of tyrannies on Eresos during the years c.337-332 BC. Importantly, it confirms John Bert Lott's argument for two sets of tyrannies at Eresos, not three as has been commonly argued. Second, the rescript elucidates Alexander's actions as <em>hegemon</em> of the League of Corinth in the years 334-332 BC and provides insights into how he balanced, and abused, his roles as League <em>hegemon</em> and Macedonian <em>basileus</em> during the liberation of western Asia Minor. Third, the rescript reveals the continued importance of Alexander the Great and his edicts during the war between his Successors Polyperchon and Kassandros in Greece.</p> 2017-03-27T07:10:27+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/688 Scaurianus 2017-10-19T19:08:29+02:00 Ekkehard Weber robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at <p>At least one of the Roman inscriptions of the former Habsburgian province of Siebenbürgen (Romania), which came to Vienna in the 18<sup>th</sup> century and are fixed on the walls of the staircase to the “Prunksaal” of the Austrian National Library today, seems to be a fake. It is the dedication of a certain <em>Scaurianus</em> to <em>I(uppiter) o(ptimus) m(aximus)</em> and the <em>dii Penates </em>(CIL III 1081 = ILS 3951). The lettering is unusual, there are uncommon abbreviation-marks above the letters I. O. M., and the dedicator, believed governor of the province of Dacia, is called just by his cognomen without full name and titles. But another <em>Scaurianus</em>, an imperial slave, is attested in the region. He seems to have been an official of the administration of the Dacian gold-mines (CIL III 1610 = IDR 3/3, 362). It could be possible, that in the 16<sup>th</sup> century the probably only preserved upper part of his dedication, when they mistook him for the governor, was chiseled to a new marble monument as a decoration to the residence of the princes of Siebenbürgen at Alba Iulia, where we know from an early source the stone had been. The text of the original ancient monument might have run as follows: <em>I(ovi) o(ptimo) m(aximo) / et dis Pe/natibus / Scaurianus / [Caes(aris) ser(vus) vil(icus) / pro se et suis / v(otum) s(olvit) l(ibens) m(erito)].</em></p> 2017-03-27T07:10:27+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/689 Bemerkungen zu Papyri XXVIII (<Korr. Tyche> 767–819) 2017-10-19T20:16:40+02:00 Thomas Backhuys robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Willy Clarysse robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Usama Gad robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Nikolaos Gonis robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Eva Käppel robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Marco Perale robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Kerstin Sänger-Böhm robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Patrick Sänger robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Bemerkungen zu Papyri XXVIII (&lt;Korr. Tyche&gt; 767–819) 2017-03-27T07:10:28+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/690 Adnotationes epigraphicae VI (<Adn. Tyche> 57–60) 2017-10-20T11:35:51+02:00 Franziska Beutler robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Thomas Corsten robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Kerstin Sänger-Böhm robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Hans Taeuber robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Adnotationes epigraphicae VI (&lt;Adn. Tyche&gt; 57–60) 2017-03-27T07:10:28+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/691 Buchbesprechungen 2017-10-20T12:55:00+02:00 Amphilochios Papathomas robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Jessica Piccinini robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Reinhard Wolters robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Éric Foulon robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Federico Russo robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Robin Whelan robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Hans Förster robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Ilias N. Arnaoutoglou robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Loredana Cappelletti robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Buchbesprechungen, Rezensionen 2017-03-27T07:10:28+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/692 Indices 2017-10-20T19:44:29+02:00 Franziska Beutler robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Christoph Samitz robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Indices 2017-03-27T07:10:28+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy https://tyche-journal.at/tyche/index.php/tyche/article/view/693 Eingelangte Bücher 2017-10-20T19:43:00+02:00 Tyche Tyche Editorial Office robert.lichtner@verlagholzhausen.at Eingelangte Bücher 2017-03-27T07:10:28+02:00 Copyright (c) 2017 TYCHE – Contributions to Ancient History, Papyrology and Epigraphy